Experience Life Through Your Child's Eye

Understanding &
Developing Your Child

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Biosocial Domain of Development

Development in the biosocial domain may be explained as growth that occurs due to the combined interaction between biological and social factors in a child's life. Biosocial changes may include, but are not limited to: height, weight, posture, balance, brain development, the improvement of both gross & fine motor skills,and overall health. Biosocial development is influenced by three major factors; these factors include genetic background, nutrition, health care, and societal norms which surround a child.

Biosocial Development Throughout Early Childhood


Development of Emotional Regulation:

Anxiety, stress, memory, fear: these are all things in which are regulated by the limbic system. The limbic system (in terms of psychology) may be broken down into three basic structures.



The Amygdala:

This refers to an almond-shaped collection of nuclei located in the medial temporal lobes; this structure is a key component in memory processing and emotional reactions, especially fear and anxiety


The Hippocampus:

This structure plays a key role in processing memories, and transferring items from short-term to long-term memory. The hippocampus is especially important for the memory of locations


The Hypothalamus:

This structure is responsible for a multitude of metabolic processes throughout the body. This area of the brain interacts with & responds to both the amygdala and hippocampus and utilizes the imformation from both to produce hormones which activate other parts of the brain/body.


The sheer importance of the limbic system is the fact that each of these processes works together; factors such as stress and fear effect memory, and may cause an overproduction of hormones throughout the body. Stressful situations throughout childhood may result in cognitive impairment and memory disorders. For example, when we watched the video depicting the little girl who undergone the stress of being abused and molested by her step-father had difficulty memorizing previous events which had happened in her life. The stress of being abused, both physically and sexually, stimulated the girl's amydala. This stimulation interacted with the hippocampus and hypothalamus, resulting in an abundance of stress and a lack of memory. Even in less drastic situations, stress can hinder your child's health.

The Importance of Nutrition:

Nutrition is extremely important throughout early childhood. The eating habits in which are modeled and provided for children are nutritional factors which will either help or hurt them throughout their entire life. Proper nutrition is important because a certain set of nutrients are absolutely neccesary in all domains of the biopsychosocial realm. Nutritional deficiencies range from culture to culture. In America, children are actually consuming too many calories, whereas in less developed countries, children are consuming far less than what they need.


For example: If a child eats only french fries and pizza throughout the day, they do not receive the adequate amount of nutrients neccesary for maintaining and regulating their biological structure. The lack of nutrients will effect their psychological state and hinder cognitive abilities. Feeling groggy and mindless, the child will have no time to create meaningful relationships and develop socially with their peers.


This utter lack of nutrition as a nation may be due to the fact that in our society, a multitude of sugary,fatty,non-nutritional foods are advertised in the hopes of appealing to children.  Despite popular belief, children throughout early childhood do not need a large amount of calories per pound in comparison to infants; however, it is a cultural norm for adults to urge their children to eat the remainder of their food even if the child assures them that they are full. Children may even be disciplined for not being able to finish their meals. This may be a huge factor contributing to America's childhood obesity epidemic. We must not force our children to eat the remainder of their food simply because their plate is not spotless. Instead, we must be understanding of the fact that their body is undergoing changes and does not require so many calories. As parents we mustn't model an unhealthy lifestyle to our children. We must set an example for what should and should not be eaten in terms of nutritional value. We must also refrain from cajoling our children to finish their entire meals if they are unwilling to do so.




Biosocial Development Throughout Middle Childhood

Childhood Health Habits:

The importance of health habits has become a growing issue; it is a growing trend that as a society, our children are becoming less and less physically active. There are a wide range of benefits to maintaing physical health. Less obesity, appreciation of fair play, and the improvement of problem solving skills are all benefits of physical activity. However, in American society, physical health is taking a backseat to textbook education. When schools are forced to cut costs, often time the source of cuts are made within the department of physical education, or recess. This is no-doubt due to the American mindset in which believes that physical activity should always take a backseat to textbook education. This is a troubling concept to grasp, because there are such a wide range of benefits one can provide to their children simply by keeping them physically active. Physical play promotes sociality with others, and as we can see from modern society, this skill of social awareness is depleting day by day. Children are becoming consumed by video games, rather than adventuring outside and playing with their peers. Along with textbook education, it is important to provide children with the proper health and fitness; this is so important because these trends and habits will follow them their entire lives.

How Accurate Are IQ Tests?:

Within our society, it is seen as completely normal to base a human being's intelligence solely of off their ability to preform on standardized testing. There is something completely wrong about this; the word "standardized" in itself alludes to the fact that all people of all upbringings will be expected to excel in the same ways. The problem with standardized testing, and a "fill in the blank" mentality, is that life is so much more complex than this. Moreover, children may not learn best in these conditions. There is no such thing as a standardized child, yet we employ this almost nonsensible tests and expect them to succeed. However, if we truly want our children to succeed, we must help motivate them in the directions in which they wish to go. Some children prefer learning by means of artistic creativity, yet as a society we do not view this as any form of intelligence. Every child is gifted in their own special way, it is up to us to help them discover their talents and utilize them, despite what societal impulses may tell us is correct.